Ethiopians.jpg

ETHIOPIA, AFRICA

Languages

Oromo and Amharic make up the majority of the spoken languages in Ethiopia. Amharic being the working language of the federal government. English has been taught widely to the young, most of which have a foundational understanding of the English language.

Religions

Ethiopian Orthodox, Islam, and "Christianity" make up over 95% of the religions practiced in Ethiopia. 

"Christianity" is broken up into many denominations, mostly protestant/Pentecostal. Very few of the 110+ million people of Ethiopia know the Gospel. The need is incredible and the laborers are very few.

Living Conditions

About one-fifth of Ethiopians live in urbanized areas. Most live in rural settlements.

"In order to reduce traveling distance, homesteads are generally scattered to be near farm plots. Buildings vary between circular and rectangular styles and are constructed of materials readily found within the environments. Roofs are mostly thatched, but rural households are increasingly opting for corrugated steel tops." (Brittanica)

Demographics

"Ethiopia’s population growth rate is well above the global average and is among the highest in Africa. Birth and death rates for the country are also well above those for the world. Life expectancy is about 50 years of age, about average for the African continent but lower than that of the world. Although the general age of the population is slightly older than it was in last decades of the 20th century, Ethiopia still has a relatively young population, with more than two-fifths under age 15." (Brittanica)

Economy

Despite progress with economic reform since the 1990s and acceptance and use of a free enterprise, Ethiopia remains one of the poorest countries in Africa and the world.

Agriculture makes up more than half of the country's GDP.

Modern Politics

"Under the constitution, the government is a republic with a powerful prime minister as head of government and a titular president as head of state. The legislature is bicameral, with a House of Peoples’ Representatives (lower chamber) and a House of the Federation (upper chamber). Members of the former are directly elected to a five-year term, while members of the latter, who also serve a five-year term, can be either selected by state councils or directly elected if state councils exercise the option to hold an election. The ruling party in the House of Peoples’ Representatives designates a prime minister. It also nominates a candidate for the presidency, who is then subject to a vote by both legislative houses. The president serves a six-year term." (Britannica)